The provincial capitals and large cities in Spain saw the number of photography establishments flourish in the 19th century. These professionals dedicated themselves to studio portraits and to capturing urban panoramas of the most typical or unique tourist locations.
"The Italians", Becedo, 9 (Santander). Their motto "we work everyday, even when cloudy or raining". VIVERO, C. 214, D. 5
Julián Arrillaga ran an establishment called Fotografía Artística Vascongada in Tolosa (Navarre), where oil-painting portraits were also done. VIVERO, C. 214, D. 12
Photography and Painting Office belonging to the widow of Oliván and brother, in Paseo de las Carmelitas (Salamanca). VIVERO, C. 214, D. 1.